Iran Stone

Stone History

Stone is a natural solid formation of one or many minerals. There are thousands of types of stone that have been quarried through the centuries. Quarries are located all around the world.Iran quarries can explain every thing about stones:

Types Of Stone

The familiar stone types that are used today are identified through four categories: sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous stone, and man-made.

Stone Names

Currently, there are many companies(like nikfargroup) around the world that use generic names to identify different types of stone. This has created a problem for the stone maintenance industry. The original names were in Italian.

Types of Surface Textures

There are many different types of stone available today. When stone is ordered, it is fabricated with a particular type of surface. There are six main types of surfaces that are selected:

Reflectivity of Stone

Stone contains natural crystals. These crystals reflect light to provide a shine on the surface. When the crystals are dull,crushed,or broken,they cannot reflect light evenly. For example,when the lens of a flashlight breaks,it cannot reflect the light that is being emitted from the bulb.

The Hardness Of Stone

Marble is a relatively soft stone. On a measurement of hardness (MOHS), marble is approximately a three out of ten. Marble is made of calcium, just like your teeth. If you eat something to hard you will break your tooth.Stone reacts the same way. If an improper chemical is applied to the surface, corrosion will begin to form cavities in the stone.

Stone Maintenance & Chemicals

In the stone maintenance industry there are two main types of chemicals that are utilized, water-based and solvent-based.
Solvent-based chemicals do not contain any water and do not register a pH balance. These ingredients are only soluble in other solvents. Some examples of solvent chemicals are paint thinners, most penetrating sealers (impregnators), D-Limonene, and alcohol.

Undestanding PH Balances

PH is a unit of measure to determine the alkalinity and acidity of a solution. PH has been defined as either the "Power of Hydrogen" or "Pre-existing Hydrogen".
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